Khalid Duran

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Khalid Durán (Arabic: خالد دوران ‎) (4 April 1939 – 17 April 2010) was a specialist in the history, sociology and politics of the Islamic world. He studied Middle Eastern languages and Islam in Bosnia and Morocco, and sociology and political science at the universities of Bonn and Berlin.

In the 1970s, he worked at Pakistan's Islamic Research Institute and traveled extensively in the Middle East and South Asia. He was a visiting professor at universities in Pakistan, Austria, Germany, Scandinavia, and the United States, teaching at departments of anthropology, history, religion, and sociology. He is the author of five books and numerous articles on Islam, the Middle East, North Africa, and Central and South Asia, covering both history and current affairs.


Durán was trained in Middle Eastern languages and Islamic studies in Morocco, Bosnia, and Pakistan.

From 1961 to 1968, he studied political science and sociology at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin.

Durán was a Senior Fellow and Researcher with the German Institute for Middle East Studies (Deutsches Orient-Institut) in Hamburg from 1978 to 1986. In 1984–1985 he also worked with the Tokyo-based UNU (United Nations University).

After 1986, Durán was a visiting professor of Middle East Studies at a number of universities in the United States, including Temple University (Philadelphia, PA); American University (Washington, DC); University of California, Irvine; University of Louisville, KY.

Durán was the editor of TransIslam Magazine, a quarterly journal analyzing Islam-related political and sociological developments. He was the president of the IbnKhaldun Society.

The political epithet Islamofascism[edit]

According to The Guardian's Albert Scardino, Duran coined the term "Islamofascism."[1] Malise Ruthven, however, used the word in an article published in The Independent of 8 September 1990 (p. 15).


  1. ^ Albert Scardino, "1-0 in the propaganda war", The Guardian, February 4, 2005.

External links[edit]