Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke

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The Earl of Hardwicke

Oil on canvas portrait
Lord Hardwicke in the robes of the Order of the Garter by Thomas Lawrence
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
27 April 1801 – 21 November 1805
MonarchGeorge III
Prime Minister
Preceded byThe Marquess Cornwallis
Succeeded byThe Earl of Powis
Personal details
Born(1757-05-31)31 May 1757
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Died18 November 1834(1834-11-18) (aged 77)
Alma materQueens' College, Cambridge

Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, KG, PC, FRS (31 May 1757 – 18 November 1834), known as Philip Yorke until 1790, was a British politician.

Background and education[edit]

Wimpole Hall
Shield of arms of Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, KG, PC, FRS

Born in Cambridge, England, he was the eldest son of Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor, by his first wife, Catherine Freman. He was educated at Harrow and Queens' College, Cambridge.[1]

In 1790 he succeeded his uncle Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke to his earldom and estates, including Wimpole Hall.

Political career[edit]

Hardwicke was Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire from 1780 to 1790, following the Whig traditions of his family, but after his succession to the earldom in 1790 he supported William Pitt The Younger, and took office in 1801 as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1801–1806), where he supported Catholic emancipation. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1801, created a Knight of the Garter in 1803, and was a fellow of the Royal Society.


Lord Hardwicke married Lady Elizabeth, daughter of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres, in 1782. They had four sons and four daughters. Of the sons:

  • Philip Yorke, Viscount Royston (7 May 1784-04 Apr 1808), was Member of Parliament for Reigate but was lost at sea off Lübeck (having died without issue);
  • Charles was born 23 Aug 1787 and died Dec. 28, 1791;
  • Charles James Yorke, Viscount Royston (14 Jul 1797–30 Apr 1810), died at Wimpole of Scarlet Fever; and
  • Joseph John was born 12 Aug 1800 and died in March 1801.

Of the daughters:

Lord Hardwicke died on 17 Oct 1834, aged 77, and was buried St Andrew's Church in Wimpole, Cambridgeshire in a tomb by Richard Westmacott (the younger). As he had no surviving male issue, he was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew, Charles. Lady Hardwicke died on 26 May 1858, aged 94.


  1. ^ "Yorke, Philip (YRK774P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  • Duke of Buckingham: Memoirs of the Court and Cabinets of George III. 4 vols. London, 1853–1855

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
Sir Sampson Gideon, Bt
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
With: Lord Robert Manners 1780–1782
Sir Henry Peyton, Bt 1782–1789
James Whorwood Adeane 1789–1790
Succeeded by
James Whorwood Adeane
Charles Philip Yorke
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess Cornwallis
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Succeeded by
The Earl of Powis
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Philip Yorke
Earl of Hardwicke
Succeeded by
Charles Philip Yorke