Lesjaverk

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Lesjaverk is a village in Lesja municipality in the upper Gudbrandsdal valley of Oppland county, Norway. It lies approximately 25 miles north of Dombås on the Rauma Line.[1] European route E136 goes from Ålesund up through the Romsdal valley and passes through Lesjaverk to end at Dombås.[2] Located in a high mountain pass at 633 meters elevation, it is situated between Svarthøi (1883 meters), Storhøi (1868 meters) and Merratind (1702 meters) mountains in the Dovrefjell range to the north and Digervarden (1780 meters) mountain to the south.[3]

History[edit]

Lesjaverk lies on an important trade route used in prehistoric times. The area is first mentioned in the written chronicle of the Heimskringla (The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway) by Snorri Sturluson. The account of King Olaf's (A.D. 1015-1021) conversion of Dale-Gudbrand to Christianity is popularly recognized. King Olaf's success was short-lived, for in 1029 the Norwegian nobles, seething with discontent, rallied round the invading Knut the Great, and Olaf had to flee. To avoid engaging a fleet of 25 ships, 400 of King Olav's men and 100 loyal peasant farmers from Romsdal built a road up from the Romsdalfjord which passed through the area that became known as Lesjaverk. His men fled along this road and across Gudbrandsdal. There he was not warmly received since he had killed King Thorer of Gudbrandsdal, so he went on to Hedmark. From there he proceeded to Sweden and on to Russia. On his return a year later he fell at the Battle of Stiklestad.[4]

The Lesja Ironwork, Norway, main building as it would have looked around 1752. The illustration by Professor Johan Meyer dates from 1910.

Iron smelting is recorded at Lesjaverk as early as 1614, when King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway authorized the Romsdal Market at Devold on the Rauma river 4 miles upstream of Åndalsnes. With this change, Molde assumed the role as principal market town for Romsdal formerly held by Veøy. This change was made to provide the ironworkers at Lesjaverk with a convenient outlet for their products as well as providing them a market to purchases goods and food supplies such as stockfish and grain.[5]

Lesja jernverk (Lesja Iron Works) or Lesjaverk formally operated from 1659 to 1812 in the municipality of Lesja, Norway, and was an important Dano-Norwegian iron works. When the forest was hewn, iron production was no longer economically viable at Lesjaverk, and the works were closed in 1812. The abandoned mines at Gruvlia, Håmårfossen and Stellsteinberget, as well as the former iron smelter and charcoal kilns can still be seen. A historical path with signs provides the visitor with an overview of the original operation; the oldest ironworks of this magnitude in Norway.[1][6]

Lake Lesjaskogsvatnet has outlets at both ends. It originally flowed west into the Rauma river in the magnificent Romsdalen valley. A 3-meter high dam that was constructed by the Lesja Iron Works in the 1660s to improve transportation caused the water to also flow eastward into the river Gudbrandsdalslågen.[7] The lake lies at 611 meter above sea level and is about 5 km2 in area.[8]

Lesja iron works buildings with remains of the blast furnace.

The establishers of Lesja Verk built their own church for the workers in 1695, but the church was moved to Lesjaskog in 1855.[9] The church in Lesjaverk was a satellite church of that in Lesja, as was the church for Folldal which served the Folldal works (Folldal Verk) copper mines. Per Berg reports,

“When the sexton Ola Kring died in Lesja in 1751, Frederik Wiborg was appointed sexton there and was presented to the congregation on the third Sunday following Trinity. There certainly wasn't anything very special about being a teacher in Ringsaker, if he was willing to change that for being a sexton. No house or land went with the post and the work was hard. In the Lesja parish there were three satellite churches - Lesjeverk, Dovre, and Folldal. The travel distances were great and it could be very difficult in the winter.”[10]

During the German invasion of World War II, while retreating from Oslo half the Government stayed for one night at Lesjaverk, eight day before evacuating to London.[11] King Haakon and Crown Prince Olav traveled over high-mountain roads, leaving Vågå on 17 April 1940 and passed through Lesjaverk on the way to Molde. With the evacuation of the King and the Cabinet from Molde to Tromsø on 29 April, and the allied evacuation of Åndalsnes on 1 May, formal Norwegian military resistance to the German invasion in Southern Norway came to an end.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The old ironworks /". lesjaverk.no. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  2. ^ Welle-Strand, Erling (1996). Adventure Roads in Norway. Nortrabooks. ISBN 82-90103-71-9.
  3. ^ "Map of Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park". dir.no. Retrieved 24 July 2009.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Heimskringla by Snorri Sturluson
  5. ^ Stagg, Frank Noel (1953). The Heart of Norway. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. ISBN none.
  6. ^ "About Lesjaverk /". lesjaverk.no. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  7. ^ Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. Retrieved 19 April 2009.
  8. ^ "Lesjaskogsvatnet /". lesjaverk.no. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  9. ^ "LESJA JERNVERK / GRUVLIA /". Turistkontoret Bjorli. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  10. ^ Berg, Per. Ei Wiborg-ættegrein på Lesja 1751–1900 (in Norwegian).
  11. ^ Dik Lehmkuhl (1946). Journey to London: the story of the Norwegian government at war. Hutchinson. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  12. ^ Kersaudy, François (1987). Norway 1940. St. Martin's Press, New York. ISBN 0-312-06427-6. Retrieved 24 July 2009.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 62°11′40″N 8°33′00″E / 62.19444°N 8.55000°E / 62.19444; 8.55000