List of presidents of Indonesia

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This is a complete list of presidents of Indonesia. The presidency was established during the formulation of the 1945 constitution by the Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPK), a research body for the preparation of Indonesian independence. On 18 August 1945, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI), which was created on 7 August to replace the BPUPK, selected Sukarno as the country's first president.



Presidents[edit]

  Independent (1 president, 4 vice presidents)
  Golkar (2 presidents, 6 vice presidents)
  National Awakening Party (1 president)
  United Development Party (1 vice president)
  Democratic Party (1 president)


# Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Time in office Political party Vice president(s)
1 Presiden Sukarno.jpg Sukarno
(1901–1970)
18 August 1945 12 March 1967[1] 21 years,

204 days

Independent Mohammad Hatta
Vacant (1 December 1956 – 12 March 1967)
Declared Indonesia's independence from the Netherlands. Presided during the Indonesian National Revolution and the first national elections. One of the founding fathers of the Non-Aligned Movement and hosted the 1955 Bandung Conference. Called for a 'Guided Democracy' following the collapse of 10 governments during the 1950s, with Nasakom as the principle ideology. Acceded Western New Guinea. Opposed the formation of Malaysia and began Konfrontasi. Signed the Supersemar in 1966, following the assassination of 6 generals. Relieved from power in 1967.
2 President Suharto, 1993.jpg Suharto
(1921–2008)
12 March 1967 (acting)
27 March 1968
21 May 1998 31 years,

70 days

Golkar with military support
Vacant (12 March 1967 – 23 March 1973)
Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX
Adam Malik
Umar Wirahadikusumah
Sudharmono
Try Sutrisno
B. J. Habibie
Seized power from Sukarno through Supersemar in 1966. Declared a New Order military dictatorship. Dismantled the Indonesian Communist Party and oversaw the mass murder and imprisonment of thousands of suspected communists throughout the archipelago. Ended Konfrontasi and initiated friendly relationships with neighbouring countries of Malaysia and Singapore, and Indonesia became a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Severed ties with China and other communist countries in the region. Annexed East Timor. Incorporated Western New Guinea into Indonesia. Oversaw great economic and infrastructural development, but rampant corruption within the bureaucracy and government. Resigned following the collapse of the Indonesian economy during the 1997 Asian financial crisis and the 1998 riots.
3 Foto Presiden Habibie 1998.jpg B. J. Habibie
(1936–2019)
21 May 1998 20 October 1999 1 year,

150 days

Golkar Vacant
First, and to date the only, president who hailed from outside of Java. Took power following Suharto's resignation. Oversaw Indonesia's democratic transition. East Timor declared independence from Indonesia. Released thousands of political prisoners. Decided not to run for a full term.
4 President Abdurrahman Wahid - Indonesia.jpg Abdurrahman Wahid
(1940–2009)
20 October 1999 23 July 2001 1 year,

276 days

National Awakening Party Vacant (20–21 October 1999)
Megawati Sukarnoputri
1999 – 54.37%
Head of Nahdlatul Ulama. Term embroiled by a number of scandals and corruption cases. Abolished all remaining legal discrimination against Chinese Indonesians. Attempts to reform the military and remove its political power were not taken kindly by military actors. Attempted to dissolve parliament, but was eventually impeached by parliament.
5 President Megawati Sukarnoputri - Indonesia.jpg Megawati Sukarnoputri
(born 1947)
23 July 2001 20 October 2004 3 years,

89 days

Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle Vacant (23–26 July 2001)
Hamzah Haz
The first female president of Indonesia. Daughter of Sukarno. Came to power following the impeachment of Abdurrahman Wahid. Presided during a period of economic growth. Bali was attacked by a major bombing in 2002 by Jemaah Islamiyah. Lost the 2004 presidential election to her former Coordinating Minister of Politics and Security.
6 Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.png Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
(born 1949)
20 October 2004 20 October 2014 10 years Democratic Party Jusuf Kalla
Boediono
2004 – 60.62%
2009 – 60.80%
The first president to be directly elected by popular vote. Parts of Sumatra were devastated by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Jemaah Islamiyah severely weakened following efforts by Detachment 88. Indonesia classified part of MINT and became a member of the G-20. Elected to a second term in 2009. Indonesia formed the Bali Democracy Forum and became a founding member of the Open Government Partnership. Presided over consistent economic growth. During his second term, the Democratic Party suffered a number of corruption scandals.
7 Joko Widodo 2019 official portrait.jpg Joko Widodo
(born 1961)
20 October 2014 Incumbent 5 years,

18 days

Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle Jusuf Kalla
Ma'ruf Amin
2014 – 53.15%
2019 – 55.50%
The first president not to have emerged from the country’s political elite or to have been an army general.[2]

By age[edit]

# President Born Age at
start of presidency
Age at
end of presidency
Post-presidency
timespan
Lifespan
Died Age
01 Sukarno 6 June 1901 44 years, 73 days
18 August 1945
65 years, 279 days
12 March 1967[a]
3 years, 101 days 21 June 1970 69 years, 15 days
02 Suharto 8 June 1921 45 years, 277 days
12 March 1967
76 years, 347 days
21 May 1998[b]
9 years, 251 days 27 January 2008 86 years, 233 days
03 B. J. Habibie 25 June 1936 61 years, 330 days
21 May 1998
63 years, 117 days
20 October 1999
19 years, 326 days 11 September 2019 83 years, 78 days
04 Abdurrahman Wahid 7 September 1940 59 years, 43 days
20 October 1999
60 years, 319 days
23 July 2001[a]
8 years, 160 days 30 December 2009 69 years, 114 days
05 Megawati Sukarnoputri 23 January 1947 54 years, 181 days
23 July 2001
57 years, 271 days
20 October 2004
15 years, 28 days 2019-11-17(living) 72 years, 298 days
06 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 9 September 1949 55 years, 41 days
20 October 2004
65 years, 41 days
20 October 2014
5 years, 28 days 2019-11-17(living) 70 years, 69 days
07 Joko Widodo 21 June 1961 53 years, 121 days
20 October 2014
58 years, 149 days(incumbent) (incumbent) 2019-11-17(living) 58 years, 149 days
# President Born Age at
start of presidency
Age at
end of presidency
Post-presidency
timespan
Died Age
Lifespan

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Removed from office
  2. ^ Resigned from office

By time in office[edit]

Rank President Length
in days
Order of presidency Number of terms
1 Suharto 11,393[a] 2nd • 12 March 1967 – 21 May 1998[b] Six full terms; resigned 2 months and 11 days into seventh term
2 Sukarno 7,876[c] 1st • 18 August 1945 – 12 March 1967[d][1] De jure: Four full terms; removed 1 year, 6 months, and 22 days into fifth term
De facto: Never facing reelection, declared president for life by the Provisional People's Consultative Assembly (MPRS) on 18 May 1963
3 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 3,652 6th • 20 October 2004 – 20 October 2014 Two full terms
4 Joko Widodo 1,854[e] 7th • 20 October 2014 – Incumbent Serving second term
5 Megawati Sukarnoputri 1,185 5th • 23 July 2001[f] – 20 October 2004 One partial term (3 years, 2 months, and 27 days)[g]
6 Abdurrahman Wahid 642 4th • 20 October 1999 – 23 July 2001[d] One partial term (1 year, 9 months, and 3 days)
7 B. J. Habibie 517 3rd • 21 May 1998[f] – 20 October 1999 One partial term[h] (1 year, 4 months, and 29 days)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Suharto was acting president until 27 March 1968 (381 days), when he was made full president
  2. ^ Resigned from office
  3. ^ Sukarno was detained by Dutch troops on 19 December 1948 during the Operation Kraai. During this time, the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia, led by Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, acted as the country's government-in-exile until 13 July 1949. As a result, Sukarno's term in office actually had 206 days less. This figure includes his term as the president of the United States of Indonesia (27 December 1949 – 15 August 1950; 231 days.)
  4. ^ a b Removed from office
  5. ^ As of 17 November 2019
  6. ^ a b Succeeded to presidency
  7. ^ Sought election to a full term in 2004, but was defeated.
  8. ^ Originally assigned to office until 11 March 2003, but due to the accelerated election he was required to face reelection in which he did not contest after his accountability speech was rejected by the MPR.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sukarno transferred key presidential powers to Suharto on 11 March 1966 in a vaguely worded letter of authority known as Supersemar and surrender his powers on 22 February 1967 but he was not formally relieved of his presidential title by the provisional parliament until 12 March 1967.
  2. ^ Joko Widodo, Populist Governor, Is Named Winner in Indonesian Presidential Vote, New York Times, 22 July 2014