Division of Chisholm
Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||65 km2 (25.1 sq mi)|
The Division of Chisholm is an Australian Electoral Division in Victoria. The division was created in 1949 and is named after Caroline Chisholm, a social worker and promoter of women's immigration. It is located in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne, and includes the suburbs of Ashwood, Blackburn, Blackburn North, Blackburn South, Box Hill, Box Hill North, Box Hill South, Burwood, Burwood East, Kerrimuir, and Laburnum; and parts of Chadstone, Forest Hill, Glen Waverley, Mount Waverley, Nunawading, Surrey Hills and Syndal.
On its original boundaries, it was a comfortably safe Liberal seat centred on Camberwell. However, successive redistributions from 1980 onward have moved the electorate south-east, taking in strongly Labor-voting suburbs to balance out the relatively affluent Liberal-leaning suburbs in the north of the seat, and making the seat marginal. The first member for Chisholm, Sir Wilfrid Kent Hughes, was one of Australia's most distinguished soldiers and a former Olympian, who held the seat until his death on 31 July 1970.
Labor finally took the seat in the 1983 landslide that brought Bob Hawke to power, only to lose it in 1987. Anna Burke became the second Labor member ever to win it in 1998 election and held it until her retirement in 2016. Julia Banks won the seat for the Liberals at the 2016 election, becoming the only Liberal challenger to take a seat from Labor at that election. Taking this seat off Labor turned out to be crucial in ensuring the Coalition retaining its majority; it meant they had 76 seats, as opposed to the 75 they would have had if Labor had retained this seat.
On 27 November 2018, Banks resigned from the Liberal Party due to disaffection with the party resulting from the leadership spill which removed Malcolm Turnbull as Prime Minister and the treatment of women within the party. Banks announced she would sit on the crossbench as an independent, but guarantee confidence and supply to the Morrison Government.
|(Sir) Wilfrid Kent Hughes
|Liberal||10 December 1949 –
31 July 1970
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Kew. Served as minister under Menzies. Died in office|
|Liberal||19 September 1970 –
19 September 1980
|Served as minister under Fraser. Retired|
|Liberal||18 October 1980 –
5 March 1983
|Labor||5 March 1983 –
11 July 1987
|Liberal||11 July 1987 –
3 October 1998
|Served as minister under Howard. Transferred to the Division of Casey|
|Labor||3 October 1998 –
9 May 2016
|Served as Speaker during the Gillard and Rudd Governments. Retired|
|Liberal||2 July 2016 –
27 November 2018
|Did not contest in 2019. Failed to win the Division of Flinders|
|Independent||27 November 2018 –|
18 May 2019
|Liberal||18 May 2019 –
|Animal Justice||Rosemary Lavin||1,780||1.88||−0.24|
|Democratic Labour||Philip Jenkins||1,702||1.79||+1.79|
|United Australia||George Zoraya||1,517||1.60||+1.60|
|Rise Up Australia||Angela Dorian||571||0.60||−0.63|
|Total formal votes||94,920||95.51||−1.77|
- Chang, Charis (27 November 2018). "Julia Banks delivers scathing review of major parties after resigning from the Liberal Party". news.com.au. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- "Gladys Liu becomes first Chinese-Australian woman to enter lower house". SBS News. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
- Dziedzic, foreign affairs reporter Stephen (21 May 2019). "Morrison secures majority Government with historic win of first female Chinese-Australian MP in Chisholm". ABC News. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
- Chisholm, VIC, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.